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Dynamic electrical and mechanical properties of epoxy/silver nanowires composites

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study electrically conductive composites from an epoxy matrix loaded with silver nanowires (AgNWs). Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and dynamic dielectric spectroscopy (DDS) were used to study the molecular mobility of the epoxy matrix and its epoxy/AgNWs composites. The influence of the epoxy/amine ratio on the macroscopic properties was analyzed. The loss modulus of the epoxy matrix highlights two major relaxations, β and α. The β relaxation is due to the localized mobility initiated by hydroxyl groups. The α trelaxation is the anelastic effect liberated at the glass transition. The introduction of a small amount of AgNWs (<8 vol%) has practically no influence on the mechanical properties of the glassy state. For the rubbery state, AgNWs cause an increase in the storage modulus as a function of the filler content. The loss modulus profile is modified: The ω relaxation due to heterogeneities of the 3D network is observed independently from the hydration level of composites. The magnitude of the α mode is increased due to the stick– slip phenomenon. Moreover, it is shifted toward lower temperatures upon the introduction of AgNWs. In other words, the activation enthalpy decreases for both modes. Electrical study through DDS and conductivity measurement of epoxy/AgNWs composites shows the consequence of a lower relative degree of conversion caused by the insertion of AgNWs. Epoxy/AgNWs composites allow us to obtain one of the highest values of the electrical conductivity for polymerbased composites without any drastic evolution of mechanical properties.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 3:29:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 22, 2021 - 4:54:45 AM

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Vincent Bedel, Antoine Lonjon, Eric Dantras, Michel Bouquet, Colette Lacabanne. Dynamic electrical and mechanical properties of epoxy/silver nanowires composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Wiley, 2021, pp.51710. ⟨10.1002/app.51710⟩. ⟨hal-03385668⟩

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