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Autonomous and Traffic-aware Scheduling for TSCH Networks

Abstract : Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been recognized as a promising communication technology for smart grid monitoring and control applications. However, the deployment of WSNs in smart grid brought new challenges that pertain to the harsh electrical grid nature, and the different and often contradicting communication requirements of smart grid monitoring applications. MAC protocols play a crucial role to meet the reliability and latency requirements of WSN-based smart grid communications. In particular, the IEEE 802.15.4 TSCH (Time Slotted Channel Hopping), the latest generation of low-power and highly reliable MAC protocols, orchestrates the medium access according to a time-frequency communication schedule. However, TSCH specification does not provide any practical solution for the establishment of the schedule. Orchestra is a recent scheduling solution for TSCH that brings significant advantages such as, the use of simple scheduling rules, the low signaling overhead, and the high delivery ratio. Despite its unique features, Orchestra has the limitation of computing the TSCH schedule at each node independently from its traffic load, which can drastically affect the communication delay. This limitation makes Orchestra not sufficiently convenient for several delay-sensitive smart grid applications. Further, the current TSCH specification does not support traffic differentiation (i.e. handle all packets equally regardless of their criticality levels). In this paper, we propose an enhanced Orchestra-based TSCH protocol, called e-TSCH-Orch, that dynamically adjusts time slots assignment according to traffic load and criticality level. The performance analysis of e-TSCH-Orch shows that it significantly reduces the communication delay compared to the original Orchestra-based TSCH, while preserving the low signaling overhead and the high packet delivery ratio.
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https://hal.laas.fr/hal-01712826
Contributor : Khalil Drira <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 19, 2018 - 6:27:27 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 10, 2021 - 3:05:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 6, 2018 - 6:24:41 PM

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Sana Rekik, Nouha Baccour, Mohamed Jmaiel, Khalil Drira, Luigi Grieco. Autonomous and Traffic-aware Scheduling for TSCH Networks. Computer Networks, Elsevier, 2018, 135, pp.201-212. ⟨10.1016/j.comnet.2018.02.023⟩. ⟨hal-01712826⟩

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