, Vehicular Communications; Basic Set of Applications; Definitions. Technical report, ETSI Std. ETSI ITS Specification TR 102 638 version 1.1.1, ETSI TR, vol.102, p.638, 2009.

, Announcing the 'edge computing' concept and the 'edge accelerated web platform' prototype to improve response time of cloud, 2014.

, Cisco Technology Radar Trends, 2014.

, Study on latency reduction techniques for LTE, 2016.

H. E. Aarag and M. Bassiouni, Performance evaluation of tcp connections in ideal and non-ideal network environments, Computer Communications, vol.24, pp.1769-1779, 2001.

F. Bonomi, Cloud and fog computing: Trade-offs and applications, International Symposium of Computer Architecture, 2011.

F. Bonomi, R. Milito, J. Zhu, and S. Addepalli, Fog computing and its role in the internet of things, ACM SIGCOMM International Conference on Mobile Cloud Computing, 2012.

A. Ceselli, M. Premoli, and S. Secci, Cloudlet network design optimization, Networking, pp.1-9, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01212798

C. Ambrosio, A. Lodi, and S. Martello, Piecewise linear approximation of functions of two variables in milp models, Operations Research Letters, vol.38, pp.39-46, 2010.

Q. Fan and N. Ansari, Cost aware cloudlet placement for big data processing at the edge, ICC, pp.1-6, 2017.

E. Gelenbe, R. Lent, and M. Douratsos, Choosing a local or remote cloud, Second Symposium on Network Cloud Computing and Applications, NCCA 2012, pp.25-30, 2012.

. Llc-gurobi-optimization, Gurobi optimizer reference manual, 2018.

M. Jia, J. Cao, and W. Liang, Optimal cloudlet placement and user to cloudlet allocation in wireless metropolitan area networks, IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, vol.5, issue.4, pp.725-737, 2017.

A. Kiani, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, Hierarchical capacity provisioning for fog computing, 2018.

L. Kleinrock and . Theory, , vol.1, 1975.

A. Kurian, Latency analysis and reduction in a 4g network, 2018.

A. Mehta, W. Tärneberg, C. Klein, J. Tordsson, M. Kihl et al., How beneficial are intermediate layer data centers in mobile edge networks, Workshops on Fog and Mobile Edge Computing at Foundations and Applications of Self* Systems, pp.222-229, 2016.

E. Miluzzo, I'm cloud 2.0, and i'm not just a data center, IEEE Internet Computing, vol.18, issue.3, pp.73-77, 2014.

C. Mims, Forget 'the cloud': 'the fog' is tech's future, The Wall Street Journal, 2014.

S. Mondal, G. Das, and E. Wong, A novel cost optimization framework for multi-cloudlet environment over optical access networks, GLOBECOM 2017 -2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference, pp.1-7, 2017.

X. Sun and N. Ansari, Latency aware workload offloading in the cloudlet network, IEEE Communications Letters, vol.21, pp.1481-1484, 2017.

S. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Feng, W. Wang et al., An approach for spatial-temporal traffic modeling in mobile cellular networks, 27th International Teletraffic Congress, pp.203-209, 2015.

Y. Xiao, M. Noreikis, and A. , Qos-oriented capacity planning for edge computing, IEEE International Conference on Communications, pp.1-6, 2017.

Z. Xu, W. Liang, W. Xu, M. Jia, and S. Guo, Efficient algorithms for capacitated cloudlet placements, IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol.27, pp.2866-2880, 2016.

J. Zhu, D. S. Chan, M. S. Prabhu, P. Natarajan, H. Hu et al., Improving web sites performance using edge servers, IEEE International Symposium on Service-Oriented System Engineering, 2013.