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Thin-Film MOSFET-Based Pressure Sensor

Abstract : This paper proposes a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) thin-film pressure sensor in which the sensing elements are based on stress sensitive MOSFETs, and the carrier mobility and channel resistance vary with applied pressure. Four MOSFETs are embedded within a silicon dioxide membrane to form a Wheatstone bridge. The sensors are fabricated in a commercial foundry with p-channel and n-channel designs both investigated. The fabricated pMOSFET design gave a pressure sensitivity of 5.21 mV/kPa whilst the nMOSFET gave about half the sensitivity at 2.40 mV/kPa. This was coupled with maximum power consumption of 0.19 mW and 0.39 mW for the pMOSFET and nMOSFET respectively. This shows a highly sensitive pressure sensor, with improved sensitivity on traditional piezoresistors as well as significantly higher sensitivity than current MOSFET based pressure sensors. Moreover, the maximum DC power consumption was only 190 µW and 390 µW for the pMOSFET and nMOSFET, respectively. This novel low-cost, low-power, high-sensitivity CMOS MEMS technology with on-chip electronics could be used towards the implementation of MOSFET based pressure transduction in a multitude of industrial and other applications.
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https://hal.laas.fr/hal-02289295
Contributor : Julien Philippe <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 16, 2019 - 2:57:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:10:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 8, 2020 - 2:16:06 PM

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Ethan L.W. Gardner, Andrea de Luca, Julien Philippe, Daniela Dragomirescu, Florin Udrea. Thin-Film MOSFET-Based Pressure Sensor. IEEE Sensors Letters, IEEE, 2019, 3 (7), pp.1-4. ⟨10.1109/LSENS.2019.2927694⟩. ⟨hal-02289295⟩

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