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A co‐training ‐based approach for the hierarchical multi‐label classification of research papers

Abstract : This paper focuses on the problem of the hierarchical multi‐label classification of research papers, which is the task of assigning the set of relevant labels for a paper from a hierarchy, using reduced amounts of labelled training data. Specifically, we study leveraging unlabelled data, which are usually plentiful and easy to collect, in addition to the few available labelled ones in a semi‐supervised learning framework for achieving better performance results. Thus, in this paper, we propose a semi‐supervised approach for the hierarchical multi‐label classification task of research papers based on the well‐known Co‐training algorithm, which exploit content and bibliographic coupling information as two distinct papers' views. In our approach, two hierarchical multi‐label classifiers, are learnt on different views of the labelled data, and iteratively select their most confident unlabelled samples, which are further added to the labelled set. The success of our suggested Co‐training‐based approach lies in two main components. The first is the use of two suggested selection criteria (i.e., Maximum Agreement and Labels Cardinality Consistency) that enforce selecting confident unlabelled samples. The second is the appliance of an oversampling method that rebalances the labels distribution of the initial labelled set, which reduces the reinforcement of the label imbalance issue during the Co‐training learning. The proposed approach is evaluated using a collection of scientific papers extracted from the ACM digital library. Performed experiments show the effectiveness of our approach with regards to several baseline methods.
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https://hal.laas.fr/hal-02944733
Contributor : Khalil Drira <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 4:31:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 10, 2021 - 3:02:48 AM

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Abir Masmoudi, Hatem Bellaaj, Khalil Drira, Mohamed Jmaiel. A co‐training ‐based approach for the hierarchical multi‐label classification of research papers. Expert Systems, Wiley, 2020, pp.e12613. ⟨10.1111/exsy.12613⟩. ⟨hal-02944733⟩

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