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Journal Articles Automatica Year : 2023

Ensemble Approximations for Constrained Dynamical Systems using Liouville Equation

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Abstract

For a class of state-constrained dynamical systems described by evolution variational inequalities, we study the time evolution of a probability measure which describes the distribution of the state over a set. In contrast to smooth ordinary differential equations, where the evolution of this probability measure is described by the Liouville equations, the flow map associated with the nonsmooth differential inclusion is not necessarily invertible and one cannot directly derive a continuity equation to describe the evolution of the distribution of states. Instead, we consider Lipschitz approximation of our original nonsmooth system and construct a sequence of measures obtained from Liouville equations corresponding to these approximations. This sequence of measures converges in weak-star topology to the measure describing the evolution of the distribution of states for the original nonsmooth system. This allows us to approximate numerically the evolution of moments (up to some finite order) for our original nonsmooth system, using a solver that uses finite order moment approximations of the Liouville equation. Our approach is illustrated with the help of an academic example.
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Dates and versions

hal-03167458 , version 1 (12-03-2021)
hal-03167458 , version 2 (24-06-2021)
hal-03167458 , version 3 (24-11-2022)

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Cite

Marianne Souaiby, Aneel Tanwani, Didier Henrion. Ensemble Approximations for Constrained Dynamical Systems using Liouville Equation. Automatica, 2023, 149, pp.110836. ⟨10.1016/j.automatica.2022.110836⟩. ⟨hal-03167458v3⟩
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