Miniaturisation d'antennes très large bande pour applications spatiales

Jérémy Valleau 1
1 LAAS-MINC - Équipe MIcro et Nanosystèmes pour les Communications sans fil
LAAS - Laboratoire d'analyse et d'architecture des systèmes [Toulouse]
Abstract : Currently space applications require to embark more and more equipment to make the most complete missions possible. However, the space on satellites is a limited resource, therefore miniaturization of embedded electronics is a crucial requirement. In embedded applications covering several frequency ranges, use Ultra WideBand antennas (UWB) is a classic and effective solution to limiting the number of antennas and associated circuits. Therefore, the miniaturization of UWB antennas is a major scientific challenge. A miniaturization technique was recently discovered [1] - [3]. It consists to load an Archimedean spiral antenna by stacking coupled resonant rings. This technique allows a reduction of about 35% of the diameter of the antenna without significant degradation of radiating performances. The work of this thesis allows to improve the physical understanding of the role played by the rings in the miniaturization process. An equivalent circuit is developed on the basis of integral equations using extended test functions and the concept of surface impedance. This circuit simulates the electromagnetic response of the coupled and stacked rings 10 times faster than using commercial and rigorous simulation software. This time saving is employed to test a large number of solutions from which it is possible to identify the optimal structure for the miniaturization of the Archimedean spiral loaded with stacked resonant rings. To maximize the effect of coupled resonant rings in the miniaturization of the antenna, the choice of the resonant frequency of the rings is essential. This frequency must be low enough and allow the antenna to stay matched over the widest possible frequency band. The resonant frequency of the rings depends on the deployed perimeter of the rings. The perimeter length is fixed by the choice of the pattern and its number of repetitions along the rings. A quick methodology to select the most suitable pattern for the design of the miniaturized antenna is presented. This method and the equivalent electrical circuit enable a quick and optimized design of a miniature UWB antenna. The validation of this design methodology was done experimentally on the basis of several realizations.
Document type :
Theses
Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. INP DE TOULOUSE, 2016. Français
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Jérémy Valleau. Miniaturisation d'antennes très large bande pour applications spatiales. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. INP DE TOULOUSE, 2016. Français. 〈tel-01499316〉

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