Heavily doped Si-nanocrystals formed in P-(SiO/SiO2) multilayers: a novel route to infrared Si-based plasmonics - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
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Heavily doped Si-nanocrystals formed in P-(SiO/SiO2) multilayers: a novel route to infrared Si-based plasmonics

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Abstract

As building blocks of novel multifunctional materials involving coupling at the nanoscale, highly doped semiconductor nanocrystals are of great interest for potential applications in nanophotonics. In this work, we investigate the plasmonic properties of highly doped Si nanocrystals embedded in a silica matrix. These materials are obtained by evaporation of heavily Phosphorus-doped SiO/SiO2 multilayers in a ultrahigh vacuum chamber followed by rapid thermal annealing. For P contents between 0.7 and 1.9 at%, structural investigations at the nanoscale give clear evidence that P atoms are mainly located in the core of Si nanocrystals with concentrations reaching up to 10 at%, i.e. well beyond the solid solubility limit of P in bulk Si. Alloying and formation of SiP nanoparticles is observed for P contents exceeding 4 at% in the multilayer. Infrared absorption measurements give evidence of a localized surface plasmon resonance located in the 3 to 6 µm range. A core-shell structure was used to model Si nanocrystals embedded in a silica matrix. Based on the Mie theory and the Drude model, both the mobility and the free charge carrier density were extracted from the simulation, with values reaching 27 cm2V-1s-1 and 2.3×1020 cm-3, respectively. This results in a dopant activation rate of about 8 %.
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Dates and versions

hal-03837443 , version 1 (02-11-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03837443 , version 1

Cite

A Valdenaire, Alaa E Giba, Mathieu Stoffel, Xavier Devaux, J M Poumirol, et al.. Heavily doped Si-nanocrystals formed in P-(SiO/SiO2) multilayers: a novel route to infrared Si-based plasmonics. 2022. ⟨hal-03837443⟩
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